GENERAL FACTS ABOUT COLOMBIA'S POPULATION, DEMOGRAPHICS, GEOGRAPHY








  GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT COLOMBIA
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Official Name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia)
Capital: Bogota, Capital District (D.C.)
Other important cities: Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Bucaramanga, Cucuta,
Manizales, Ibague, Neiva, Popayan and Pasto.

National day:
July 20
Year of Declaration of Independence
:1810

GEOGRAPHY
Area: 440,831 square miles (1,141,748 square kilometres), includes the San Andres
y Providencia archipelago.
Climate:
Tropical. Varies according to the altitude.
Mountain Ranges: Occidental, Central, Oriental.
(From the The Andean mountain range)
Highest Peak:
Pico Cristobal Colon, 19,020 feet (5,800 meters).
Major Rivers:
Magdalena, Cauca, Meta, Guaviare, Caquetá, Putumayo, Atrato,
Vaupés, Vichada.

DEMOGRAPHICS
Inhabitants: Approximately 49.5 millon according to DANE. November, 2017
(DANE is the Colombian Department of Stadistics) Roman Catholicism, 95.4%.


RELIGION
Roman Catholicism, 95.4%.

LANGUAGE
Spanish (official).

POLITICAL DIVISIONS
32 departments (states, provinces) since July 1991, 1 capital district.



GOVERNMENT


Form of Government: Unitary republic

Chief of State and Head of Government:
President; elected to four-year terms.

Current Presidente:
 JUAN MANUEL SANTOS elected on August 7, 2010 and reelected in 2014.

Legislature:
Congress; consists of Senate and House of Representatives; members elected
to four-year terms.

The legal voting age:
18 years



ECONOMY
Main Agricultural Products: Coffee, corn, rice, potatoes, fruits y flowers, sugarcane.

Main Mined Products:
Emeralds, coal, petroleum (oil), natural gas, gold, iron ore.

Main Manufactured Products:
Textiles, foods, chemicals, machinery, electrical devices,
transport equipment, metal products.

Main Exports:
Coffee, oil and petroleum products, fruits, flowers, iron and steel,
textile and devices, cotton, leather.

Main Imports:
Machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, etc.

Monetary unit:
Peso ($COL)




LEGAL COLOMBIAN TIME ("click" on the clock on the left)
UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) - 5 hours






















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