Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia)
Capital: Bogota, Capital District (D.C.)
Other important cities: Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Bucaramanga, Cucuta,
Manizales, Ibague, Neiva, Popayan and Pasto.
National day: July 20
Year of Declaration of Independence:1810
440,831 square miles (1,141,748
square kilometres), includes the San Andres
y Providencia archipelago.
Climate: Tropical. Varies according to the altitude.
Mountain Ranges: Occidental, Central,
Oriental. (From the
The Andean mountain range)
Highest Peak: Pico Cristobal Colon, 19,020 feet (5,800 meters).
Major Rivers: Magdalena, Cauca, Meta, Guaviare, Caquetá,
Inhabitants: : Approximately 45 million according
(DANE is the Colombian Department of Statistics)
To know the actual Colombian Population from DANE ("click"
in the clock on the left graphic)
Religions: Roman Catholicism, 95.4%.
Language: Spanish (official).
Political Divisions: 32 departments (states, provinces) since July 1991,
1 capital district.
Form of Government: Unitary republic
Chief of State and Head of Government: President; elected to
Current Presidente: JUAN MANUEL SANTOS elected on August
Legislature: Congress; consists of Senate and House of Representatives;
to four-year terms.
The legal voting age: 18 years
Main Agricultural Products: Coffee, corn, rice, potatoes, fruits
y flowers, sugarcane.
Main Mined Products: Emeralds, coal, petroleum (oil), natural gas, gold,
Main Manufactured Products: Textiles, foods, chemicals, machinery,
transport equipment, metal products.
Main Exports: Coffee, oil and petroleum products, fruits,
flowers, iron and steel,
textile and devices, cotton, leather.
Machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, etc.
Monetary unit: Peso ($COL)
COLOMBIAN TIME ("click" on the clock on the left)
UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) - 5 hours