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ANTIOQUIA
Inhabitant: Antioqueño

Antioquia, the land of beautiful women, is one of the prettiest and wealthiest regions in Colombia.
The department is located in central-west Colombia and bordered in the north by the Caribbean Sea and the departments of Córdoba, Sucre and Bolívar. It is bordered by the departments of Risaralda and Caldas in the south, by Chocó in the west and by Boyacá and Santander in the east.
The central and western cordilleras (mountain ranges) cross the department. This fertile area is ideal for raising livestock and for growing bananas and coffee beans, which are the two major agricultural productions in the country, as well as a wide variety of crops such as rice, yucca, sorghum, beans, sugar cane and cocoa. The area is also rich in bauxite and gold deposits.
Industry, commerce, mining and agriculture are the main sources of income.
During the pre-Colombian period, the territory was populated by the Quimbayas and other Caribbean family native tribes. The Spanish conquest of these beautiful lands began with the arrival on Quimbayan soil of Rodrigo of Bastidas and Juan de la Cosa in 1501 and Alonso of Ojeda in 1510. Years later, the region was delimited and given the name of State of Antioquia. It received the category of department in 1886.
The department has an area of 6,612 square kilometers. There are more than 5.5 million people living in this region. Two-thirds of the population live in urban areas.
The territory has several parks of national heritage: Paramillo National Natural Park, shared with the department of Córdoba, Las Orquídeas National Natural Park and a world heritage place: Los Katios National Park (between Antioquia and Chocó departments).
It is worth saying that the most beautiful orchids in the world come from Antioquia.

Capital: Medellín
Known as “the city of flowers and eternal spring”, Medellín is the second most important city in Colombia.
It is located in the center of the Aburrá Valley and is one of the main commercial and industrial centers of the country.
This beautiful place with around 3 million people, is full of splendid gardens, parks, museums, such as the Museum of Fine Arts, the Zea Museum, where you can admire the work of many great artist including the paintings and sculptures of the renowned Medellinense artist Fernando Botero, and the Museum of Anthropology.
There are many cultural, skyscrapers, beautiful mansions, commercial centers, amusement parks, nightclubs and educational centers such as the well-known University of Antioquia, the National University, the University of Medellín and the Pontifical Bolivariana University.
Medellín has the most modern transportation system in Colombia. There is a city train (The Metro of Medellín) and the amazing Cable Metro that transports thousands of citizens every day.
Nutibara Hill is known as the "breathing area" of the city and it is where the Pueblito Paisa (a replica of colonial-period Antioquian village) is found.
The city has been the birthplace of famous writers, intellectuals, politicians, artists, and successful businessmen.


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The Flag of
Antioquia


It was created at the
University of Antioquia
and made official the
10 of December, 1962



    The Emblem of
        Antioquia

    Adopted in 1812
Important Figures and Outstanding People Born in Antioquia

>> Presidents
>> Heros During the Independence
     Years

>> Scientists
>> Writers, Poets and Intellectuals
>> Religious Figures
     First ever Colombian saint

>> Businessmen
>> Artists
>> Actors ( In Spanish)
>> Musicians, Composers and Singers
>> Sportsmen and Women
>> Beauty Queens


Music


To listen to the songs from this region,
click on the speaker below




Annual Events

January / February:
Bullfighting Fair of the Macarena – Colombiatex (Medellín)
Festival of Roses - (Jardín).

March:
International Exposition of Orchids (Medellín).

May:
Fair of the Antioqueñidad.
'Antioquia le canta a Colombia' Inter-Schools Competition (Medellin).

June:
International Festival of Poetry –Tango Festival (Medellín)

July / August:
Festival of “Trova “(Medellín).- Encuentro de Chirimías –- El Carriel Festival (Envigado).
Kites Festival (Guarne).
Festivity of La Virgen del Carmen (Carmen de Viboral).

August:
Fair of Flowers. It is celebrated between the end of July and the beginning of August, with its traditional parade of “silleteros”.
This competition, declared "Cultural Heritage of the Nation", includes exhibitions of orchids, flowers, birds and handcrafts.
During this month, the Equine Fair and Colombiamoda (fashion show) are held (Medellín).

September:
Meeting for the promotion and disclosure of Intangible Heritage in the Andean Countries. (Medellín).

October: 'Antioquia le canta a Colombia' National Festival (Santafe de Antioquia).

November: Festival of the Arriero (Ciudad Bolívar)
The Lemon Carnival (Puerto Triunfo).
Footwear Fair (Rionegro).
Festivals of the Negritos (Retiro).
Festival of the Rope (Guarne).

December:
Parade of Dances, Myths and Legends (Medellín).










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Anthem of Antioquia
(In Spanish)






Video: Soy antioqueño




Click on the arrow 
 inside the video
Song: Soy Antioqueño - Group El Tropicombo





Other Municipalities

Itagüí, Bello, Envigado, Sabaneta, Puerto Berrío,
important river port on the banks of Magdalena River, Barbosa, Copacabana, Girardota, La Estrella, Caldas, Santa Rosa de Osos, La Ceja and the historic centers of Concepción and Santa Fe de Antioquia.



Airports

International Airport José María Córdova,
Rionegro.
Olaya Herrera -Domestic Airport-, Medellín.
Puerto Berrío, Puerto Berrío.



World Heritage Site

Los Katios National Park

(Between Antioquia and Chocó Departments)



Historic Urban Centres

Historic Center of Concepción.

Antioquia, 1770.

Historic Center of Santa Fe de
Antioquia
, Antioquia, XVI Century.



National Natural Parks

Paramillo

Location: Region of Antioquia and Córdoba. Area: 460.000 hectares.

Las Orquídeas
Area: 32, 000 hectares.







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