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AMAZONAS
ANTIOQUIA
ARAUCA
ATLÁNTICO
BOLÍVAR
BOYACÁ
CALDAS
CAQUETÁ
CASANARE
CAUCA
CESAR
CHOCÓ
CÓRDOBA
CUNDINAMARCA
   BOGOTA DC

GUAINÍA
GUAVIARE
HUILA
LA GUAJIRA
MAGDALENA
META
NARIÑO
NORTE
DE SANTANDER

PUTUMAYO
QUINDÍO
RISARALDA
SANTANDER
SUCRE
TOLIMA
VALLE DEL
CAUCA

VAUPÉS
VICHADA

Islands
SAN ANDRÉS
PROVIDENCIA
SANTA
CATALINA

The Eastern Plains (The Orinoquia)
ARAUCA
Inhabitants: araucanos

Arauca's name derives from Arawak, a native tribe that inhabited this land.
The Araucan territory was discovered by Jorge de Espira in 1536. Nicolas de Federman arrived a year later, to conquer the land. In 1628 the Spanish colonization started and it was extended up to the foundation of the Republic of Colombia.
Arauca was part of the province of Casanare, the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá, and part of the Notional Territories as Comisaría (1911) and Intendencia (1953). Arauca became a department in 1991.
At present, its population consists of about 275,000 people,
Its territory covers an area of 23,818 square kilometres. It is located in the eastern side of Colombia, to the north of the Colombian Orinoquia (also known as The Eastern Plains) and borders the departments of Vichada, Casanare and Boyacá, as well as the Republic of Venezuela.
Seventy-five per cent of the land is flat, but the eastern cordillera (mountain range) borders the western side of the territory where the Sierra Nevada of the Cocuy stands. At the foot of the cordillera, the soil is fertile and ideal for breeding livestock.
Water is an important natural resource in Arauca, for there are many rivers such as the Arauca, Casanare, Tame and Tocoragua, among others. Oil fields in Caño Limón have increased Arauca's wealth in recent years.
It is a region with beautiful landscapes and it has one of the richest variety of birds in Colombia's east.
In this department, one finds El Cocuy Natural National Park, which is considered a flora and fauna sanctuary, and the International Bridge José Antonio Páez, a part of the region's historic and artistic heritage.

Capital: Arauca
It was founded in 1785. It has been the capital city of the region since 1911. Most of the population is concentrated along the shore of the Arauca river. Their main occupation is raising livestock.
Arauca city is a port bordering Venezuela.
It is a vibrantly commercial place and home to 42,000 people.
Among the places of great interest, are the Simón Bolívar Park, the Malecón eco-turístico , Las Toninas Aguaparque Pool, the Brisas del Arauca tourist viewpoint, the Araucan Academy of History, the House of Culture and Fine Arts, the Raúl Loyo Rojas Library, the Libertadores forum and the José Antonio Páez bridge, among many others. There are four protected native populations: the Matecamdela, the San José de Lipa and the Vorágine.




The Flag of
Arauca


Adopted in 1979


The Emblem
of Arauca

 

Outstanding People Born in Arauca


>> Writers
>> Musicians, Composers      and Singers





Music

To listen to the songs from this region, click on the speaker below









The Anthem of Arauca
(In Spanish)

Lyrics: Abelardo Madariaga
Music: Víctor Manuel Guerrero

Chorus
Cantemos araucanos
las glorias de las pampas,
ya vienen los centauros
de nuestra inmensidad
parece que se escuchan
los choques de las lanzas
que en Boyacá nos dieron
eterna libertad.

I
Por ti, patria, daremos
las tardes de topacio
y hasta el corcel fogoso
de huracanada crin,
las garzas anhelantes
que cruzan el espacio
y las manos de seda
Que riegan el jardín.

II
¡Oh! Arauca rumoroso
que lamiendo la planta
de la ciudad sultana
medas al ancho mar,
Tu arrullo permanente
adormece las pampas
y es una voz que canta
las glorias de otra edad.









(Cont. Anthem)

III
De Santander la espada
que dejó reluciente
brillar bajo este cielo
se mira hoy como ayer.
Cuando a la patria grande
la amenacen de frente
el araucano altivo
la sabrá defender.

IV
Llegar al sacrificio
es por ti nuestro anhelo,
y al tricolor glorioso
defenderlo también,
mientras del sol los rayos
doren de Arauca el cielo,
marchemos que ya se oye
tocar a somatén.










Other Municipalities 

Tame,
called The cradle of freedom.
Arauquita, Saravena, Fortul, Cravo Norte, Puerto Rondón.



Airports

Santiago Pérez
Arauca
Cravo Norte Cravo Norte
El Edén Saravena
Tame Tame



Natural National Park

El Cocuy

Location: Arauca and Boyacá Departments
Area: 306,000 hectares.



Annual Events

February
: 'La Candelaria' Festivities.

March:
'Canto Sabanero' Folk Festival – Summer Festival (Cravo Norte) – Bola e'fuego Folk Festival (Cabuyare) – The 'tameño' day (Tame)

April
: 'Arpa de Oro' International Festival of regional music (Saravena).

May:
The 'Samuro Blanco' Festival (Feliciano).

August:
Religious festivities (Tame) – San Lorenzo Festivity (Arauquita).

November:
The 'Coleo Festival' (Saravena)

December:
Joropo International Festival 'Santa Bárbara de Arauca' – Street theater called 'Del paloteo' or sticks game (Arauca) – 'La Negrera' Festival (Arauquita) –"Rescate del Canto Sabanero" Festival (Arauca).










      




















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