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VALLE DEL CAUCA, C0L0MBIA  -  SOUTH AMERICA  
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VALLE DEL CAUCA
Inhabitants: Vallecaucanos

Valle del Cauca, a region of exceptional beauty and plentiful resources, is one of the most captivating places in the country.
Its spectacular landscapes, the diversity of its climates, the richness of its soil, its wonderful rivers and forests as well as its booming cities, make of this department a fascinating place.
It lies in western Colombia and its surface covers an area of 22,140 square kilometres. Nearly four and a half million people live there.
This department borders Chocó, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Cauca and the Pacific Ocean. Its creation dates back to 1910.
The land area has many different topographical features: the plain of the Pacific, the zone of the western Andean cordillera (mountain range), the western slope of the Central Andean cordillera and the inter-Andean Cauca river valley, a very fertile area where agriculture is the most important sector of the economy.
Valle del Cauca is Colombia's largest sugar-cane producer. It also has large rice fields and grows sorghum, yucca, coffee, cocoa, cotton, corn and bean crops. The livestock industry is based on bovine, ovine, pork and equine breeding.
The territory is also rich in coal, limestone, marble, gold, silver, platinum, iron and asbestos. The department ranks third among other Colombian departments for industrial development.
The Vallecaucanos are the descendants of diverse racial groups who have been intermarrying throughout many generations. Many centuries ago, various native groups such as the Lilíes and the Gorrones lived in this region. Then, the Spaniards arrived and brought Africans as their slaves. Later, large groups from different European countries arrived and at the beginning of the 20th century there was a large influx of Japanese people.
Buenaventura, a port city on the Pacific Ocean, is the most important sea port of the country, due to the immense amount of import and export cargo traffic. Near Buenaventura, the archipelago of Malpelo is found. This is a marvellous place (a natural world heritage) visited by many tourists due to its biodiversity and coral formations.

Capital: Santiago de Cali
This cosmopolitan city, renown both nationally and internationally, is known as The Sultaness of the Valley. It has nearly three million residents and was founded by Sebastian of Belalcazar in 1536.
Cali has an excellent urban infrastructure. There are many skyscrapers, elegant residences, colonial-style houses and churches, parks, museums, art galleries, theatres, hotels and beautiful parks .
Some locations of interest include the famous Plaza de Caicedo, the Church of the Ermita, the monument to the city's founder Sebastián de Belalcázar and the large monument to Cristo Rey situated at the top of Los Cristales hill. The zoological park is one of the best in the country.
The historical site El Paraíso estate (ranch) is found close to the city and was the setting for the novel María, written by the famous Jorge Isaacs. Today, this place is a museum. Cali is also the capital of salsa and rumba and is known for its intensive nightlife.



    


       








The Flag of
Valle del Cauca





    The Emblem
          of the
    Department


Important Figures and Outstanding People Born in Valle del Cauca

>> Presidents
>> Scientists
>> Writers, Poets and      Intellectuals
>> Religious Figures
>> Musicians, Composers and      Singers
>>
 Businessmen
>> Artists
>> Theatre
>> Actors (In Spanish)
>> Sportsmen and Women
>> Beauty Queens
Music


To listen to the songs from that region,
click on the speaker below .







The Anthem of Valle del Cauca
(In Spanish)

Lyrics: José Ignacio Tamayo
and Pablo Emilio Camacho
Music: Santiago Velasco

Chorus
Salve Valle del Cauca, mi tierra
verdes campos de vida y solaz,
paraíso de sol donde brillan
la llanura, la sierra y el mar.
I
Bajo el límpido azul de tu cielo,
riega el Cauca los campos en flor,
y el arado fecunda en tu suelo
frutos de oro, de miel y de amor.
II
Por el bien de mi Valle, adelante.
por la paz, por la fe y la virtud,
firme el paso al compás redoblante
adelante feliz Juventud.




      






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Annual Events

Dec. / January:
Fair of Cali and Bullfight Season (Cali).
March: International Art Festival (Cali).
May / June: Festival de la canción Mono Nuñez - Songs performers (Ginebra).
August: Festibuga (Buga) – Folk Festival of the Pacific Coast (Buenaventura) Livestock Fair (Cartago). – Natonal Theatre Yumbo
September: Rogativas al Señor de los Milagros (Buga).
October: Latin-American Festival of Folk Dance (Guacarí).
November: International Exposition of Orchids of Colombia "Caliorquideas" (Cali). – National Agriculture Holiday (Palmira). National Competition of Colombian Music Performers "Julio Cesar Garcia Ayala"
December: Fair of Cali and beginning of the bullfight season – International Fair of Sugar Cane (Cali).





Other Municipalities

Buenaventura
, the most important seaport of Colombia on the Pacific Ocean.

Guadalajara de Buga,
the "Ciudad Señora" (Illustrious City)  of Colombia, where the Majestic Basilic of El Señor de los Milagros ( The Lord of  Miracles) is located,

Cartago, Palmira, Tuluá.




Airports

Alfonso Bonilla
– Cali.
Buenaventura – Buenaventura.
Santana –Cartago.
Farfán – Tuluá.



A Natural World Heritage - Sanctuary of Flora and Fauna

Malpelo

Location : Pacific Ocean, 506 km. of Buenaventura.
Classified by UNSECO as a natural world heritage in 2006.
Area: 35 hectares of land and 38.756 hectares of marine area.



National Natural Parks


Farallones de Cali

Area: 150,000 hectares.

Gloria Valencia National Park

Location: Highest point of the central, Region of Valle and Tolima.
Area: 125,000 hectares.

Tatamá

Location: Region of Valle, Risaralda and Chocó
Area: 51,900 hectares.





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