NORTE DE SANTANDER, C0L0MBIA  -  SOUTH AMERICA
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NORTE DE SANTANDER
Inhabitant: Nortesantandereano

This wealthy department is situated in north-eastern Colombia and is bordered in the north and in the east by the Republic of Venezuela. In the south, it is bordered by the departments of Santander and Boyacá and in the west by Santander and Cesar. Its surface area is 21,658 square kilometres.
The territory is divided into two regions: the plains, in the zone of Zulia-Catatumbo, and the mountainous zone on the eastern cordillera (mountain range). This topography makes the department have a variety of climates.
The most important rivers of the area are Catatumbo, Zulia and Pamplonita.
Norte de Santander's fertile land makes agriculture one of the main sources of income. Industry is also quite important and has developed significantly because of substantial commerce with neighbouring Venezuela. The department has a good network of highways, oil and gas pipelines.
The first conqueror who arrived on Nortesantandereana soil was the German Ambrosio Alfinger in 1530. An intense Spanish invasion began the following year. The region was populated by the Motilones native tribe, who showed strong resistance to the European conquerors.
Norte de Santander and Santander formed the Sovereign State of Santander, whose capital was the city of Pamplona. The state became a department in 1886 but was divided into two separate political units in 1908. The department of Norte de Santander was created in 1910. At present, Norte de Santander has about 1,464,900 inhabitants.
There are beautiful landscapes in the region such as Los Estoraques Nature Reserve, the Nature Reserve Tama and the Natural National Park Catatumbo-Barí.

Capital: San José de Cúcuta
The city was founded by Antonio Villamizar Pineda on the banks of the Pamplonita River in the land called Guasimal and named San José de Guasimales. A few months later, its name was changed to San José de Cúcuta. Its average temperature is 27 degrees Celsius.
Cúcuta borders Venezuela and so its economy is based mainly on commerce with that country.
This city of great historical value, was destroyed by a devastating earthquake in 1875. The courage and willingness of the Cucuteños helped reconstruct the city in a very short time. At present it has a population of about 900,000 people.
Among the city's more important places are the House of Culture, the clock tower, the Bank of the Republic and the Julio Pérez Ferro Public Library, where many cultural activities take place.
There are very impressive monuments and sculptures such as La Columna de Bolívar , Monumento Padilla, Monumento a Cristo Rey, Monument to Father Rafael García Herreros and many others.
There are also many pretty parks and places of recreation such as El Malecón, on the banks of the Pamplonita River, excellent restaurants, numerous discotheques and nightclubs. The city has very good hotels.





The Flag of
Norte de Santander



The Emblem of
Norte de Santander


Important Figures and Outstanding People Born in
Norte de Santander


>> Presidents
>> Writers, Poets and      Intellectuals
>> Artists
>> Actors (In Spanish)
>> Musicians, Composers and      Singers
>> Sportsmen and Women
>> Beauty Queens
>> Outstanding People from      Various Fields
Music


To listen to the songs from that region,
click on the speaker below .


























Castillo de San Felipe





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The Anthem of the Department
(In Spanish)

Lyrics: Teodoro Gutiérrez
Music: José Rozo

Chorus
Del Norte bravos hijos,
cantemos con el alma;
¡la vida por la gloria,
la gloria por la patria!
la patria, la patria, la patria.
I
En una villa nuestra,
el hombre de las leyes,
sin reyes ni virreyes
formó su altivo ser:
Si nuestras son sus glorias
y si él nos hizo grandes
a los ancho de los Andes
gritemos ¡Santander!





Other Municipalities

Pamplona,
a colonial city of great artistic richness is home to the prestigious University of Pamplona.

Villa del Rosario,
a historic city, has a temple where the first Constituent Congress of Colombia was carried out in 1821. This city was the birthplace of the General Francisco de Paula Santander.

Ocaña
, also a city of great historic importance, hosted the headquarters of the 1828 Convention.

Tibú
is important for its oil operations.

El Carmen
, national historic heritage.



Airports

Camilo Daza
– Cúcuta
Aguas Claras – Ocaña



Unique Natural Area

Los Estoraques

Area: 640 hectares.


National Natural Park

Catatumbo Bari

Area: 158,125 hectares.

Tama

Area: 48,000 hectares.



Annual Events

January:
Carnival – Agricultural Fair (Ocaña).

March:
Festival of Religious Music (Pamplona).

July:
Festival of the border (Cúcuta). July 4, Aniversary of
Pamplona Municipality Creation (Pamplona). Fairs and Festivals of the Panela (Convention).

September:
'El Señor del Humilladero' Festival (Pamplona).



(Cont. Anthem)

II
Bolívar, cuyo genio
nos dio su llamarada
la huella aquí estampada
dejó de su corcel
La tierra es nuestro oro,
la paz es nuestro empreño,
la guerra nuestro sueño
en busca de laurel.
III
En todo somos grandes
Oh noble raza austera
que cuida su bandera,
idioma, historia y cruz.
¡Que nadie un solo palmo
arranque a nuestro suelo,
el sol nos da la luz.!
IV
Por ti daremos todo,
Colombia en tu derecho:
Aquí está nuestro pecho
y adentro el corazón.
La madre que nos llora...
la hija que nos ama...
¡Marchemos, que nos llama
el épico cañón.!


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